These are not necessarily unlawful in and of themselves, so long as they are accompanied by appropriate and adequate accountability and review mechanisms as well as meeting the legal requirements of privacy described earlier. Despite the significant benefits that such technologies bring, including in terms of counter-terrorism prevention, there are also important accompanying concerns regarding the impact that such measures may have on the enjoyment of human rights, in particular the right to privacy. The European Court of Human Rights ECtHR has warned of "the risk that a system of secret surveillance for the protection of national security may undermine or even destroy democracy under the cloak of defending it" Weber and Saravia v.
UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy | Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force
Germany , , para. One particular issue that can arise in relation to international cooperation on intelligence sharing is where States cooperate with other States with weaker data protection legislative safeguards and intelligence oversight mechanisms to collect and transfer intelligence which may be unlawful for State organs of their own country to gather. Such practices risk undermining the essence of the right to privacy and the requirement of lawfulness OSCE, , para. Another separate, though often related, area of concern is regarding the effect of poorly drafted, often vague and overly broad, anti-terrorism legislation, including of their accompanying definitions of key concepts including 'terrorism' or 'organised criminal group'.
- The Shadow Beast (Sky Elves Book 3).
- Sovereign and Financial-Sector Risk: Measurement and Interactions (Annual Review of Financial Economics Book 4).
- Counter-Terrorism Awareness Training Archives - CityCo!
- Public Opinion and Counterterrorism Policy | Cato Institute!
- Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy;
This can facilitate otherwise impermissible interferences with the privacy of individuals or organizations United Nations, OHCHR, Doha Declaration. Education for Justice. What is Good Governance? Definition of Crime Prevention 2. Key Crime Prevention Typologies 2. Crime Problem-Solving Approaches 4.
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Terrorist Finance Tracking Program (TFTP) | U.S. Department of the Treasury
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Skip to main content. Also discussed are the ways suicide bombers are recruited, prepared and dispatched to their planned death, as well as how they feel and behave along this road. Although focused primarily on Palestinian suicide bombers, the book also discusses other groups, such as al Qaida. Paul J. A comprehensive account of the involvement by Chechnya women in terrorism, which the author writes began with the eruption of the Islamist insurgency against Russia in the early s. Drawing on extensive field research in the region, the author presents valuable portrayals of the women who participate in the Chechen jihad as suicide bombers, as well those who perform noncombatant roles such as collecting intelligence, logistics, and managing safe houses.
What sets this book apart is that it was written by veteran law enforcement officers one an Israeli and the other an American NYPD detective who was detailed to Israel with first-hand investigatory experience in handling suicide bombings. Among the many issues discussed are how to fortify potential suicide bombing targets, how suicide bomber teams operate and the types of weapons they are likely to employ.
Also valuable are the accounts of actual incidents which the authors had investigated, i ncluding managing the aftermath of bombing scenes, where first responder teams take over. With female suicide bombers committing more than such attacks since , women have become increasingly prominent in conducting such operations. The book provides interesting case studies ranging from Northern Ireland to Sri Lanka, where female operatives have been used to conduct a variety of terrorist activities, such as propaganda, logistics, and bombing attacks.
The author also discusses how terrorist groups such as al Qaida target women for radicalization and recruitment through Internet publications such as the March issue of its magazine Al Shamikha , dubbed the jihadi Cosmo. An important and comprehensive analysis of the rise and spread of religiously-motivated suicide attacks around the world between and As a result, its martyrdom operations take place worldwide.
An interesting examination of the significance of the growing numbers of women who engage in terrorist activities around the world in order to formulate social science theories about the changing roles of women in such warfare. Toward that end, and based on extensive field research in Sri Lanka, the author analyzes the role of Tamil women combatants belonging to the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam LTTE in all aspects of its terrorist warfare, including martyrdom suicide operations.
These are ranging from directly engaging in combat to providing ideological, financial and logistical support to such groups, as well as the judicial frameworks that can be used to prosecute them. Excellent and authoritative books on these subjects include the following:.
One of the best studies on the legal challenges and moral dilemmas faced by democracies in countering the threats posed by terrorists in terms of balancing security against civil liberties, human rights and the rule of law. Gross, a law professor at Haifa University and a former military court judge in Israel, covers the spectrum of topics such as defining terrorism, the laws of war in countering terrorism, interrogating terrorists, the powers of military commanders in administering areas where terrorists operate such as in Iraq or the West Bank , administrative detention, the right to privacy by citizens during emergency periods, the use of civilians by terrorists or armies as human shields, and thwarting terrorist acts through targeted killings of terrorist leaders and operatives.
An important exploration of the public policy need to define terrorism, which is necessary in formulating the basic elements of a consensual international definition with the power to criminalize such acts. An examination by experts, many of whom served in the U.
They discuss issues such as the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act FISA , whether a National Security Court is required, interrogation laws, the legal regime for covert actions, the relationship between immigration law and counterterrorism, the appropriate legal regime of trying accused terrorists as criminals.
Written by a leading British expert on anti-terrorism legislation, this important volume contains extensive, up-to-date analysis of key materials on anti-terrorism law and legal practice, including a comprehensive coverage of major domestic, European, and international laws, and their impact on the United Kingdom. The final part discusses the impact of European, international and transnational anti-terrorism laws and practices on issues such as international cooperation in the extradition of terrorists, in countering terrorist activities, and how they relate to adherence to human rights considerations.
Amos N. The author, a specialist in law of armed conflict and a former attorney in the Israeli Defense Forces IDF , presents an interdisciplinary and global exploration of the laws, policies, intelligence gathering, and operational decisions surrounding governmental counter-terrorism strategies and tactics. The counterterrorism policies of seven nations India, Israel, Russia, Spain, the United States, China and Colombia are presented and discussed in a comparative perspective.
As a valuable textbook, each chapter includes issues to consider, such as actual dilemmas and scenarios, including simulation exercises that put students in the role of policy decision-makers. Specific issues covered include interrogations, the proper forum for trying terrorists, judicial review, international law, intelligence gathering, and policy responses to terrorism. A separate chapter discusses future hotspots of terrorism, such as Mexico, where new types of counterterrorism against new types of threats might require the formulation of new legal requirements.
An appendix includes policy documents and a discussion of terrorism incidents around the world. This new and revised edition of a classic reference text discusses current issues in the field of United States antiterrorism law. The volume also contains the text and notes from relevant legal cases, which are intended for use by legal practitioners as well as law school classes.
With Europe increasingly targeted by terrorism, this book examines the rapidly emerging area of European Union EU law and policy regarding counter-terrorism, addressing these twin disciplines from both a theoretical and practical perspective. A valuable comprehensive reference resource that brings together leading experts on the spectrum of legal issues involved in formulating and applying counter-terrorism policies domestically and internationally. Some of these issues include policy choices involved in implementing security measures, such as balancing security and civil liberties, the tensions between criminal justice, counter-terrorism and military measures, and legal aspects associated with counter-radicalization programs.
The following books illustrate some of the latest findings on how terrorists exploit the Internet:. When Terror on the Internet was published in it was considered ground breaking and an instant classic as the first comprehensive study of this issue. Still highly relevant, it discusses how terrorist groups and their extremist affiliates have established a sophisticated and dynamic presence on the Internet, which has transformed the way they communicate, obtain information, conduct propaganda and issue threats against their adversaries.
Terrorists also use the Internet to radicalize and recruit new members, raise funds, train followers in tactics and weaponry, organize and carry out warfare, and then broadcast such incidents on their own websites. A compelling account by an Israeli journalist who covers terrorism, of how al Qaida, which sees itself as a government in exile, along with its myriad affiliate organizations, while failing to achieve its goal of reestablishing the Islamic caliphate on the ground, has succeeded in establishing a virtual caliphate in cyberspace.
In such a way, he explains, these groups hope to upload the virtual caliphate into the physical world. These issues are discussed in the following books:. Stephen M.
Terrorism and national emergencies
An authoritative and comprehensive examination by leading experts of the likelihood of Islamist terrorist groups resorting to WMD warfare by documenting current trends in the ideology, strategy, and tactics of jihadists as these relate to WMD proliferation. New York: I. With terrorists expressing interest in potentially deploying chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear CBRN weapons in their warfare, the author evaluates the likelihood of such threats ever materializing. Also discussed are the components of effective governmental counter measures, such as police, military, and intelligence means, as well as carefully evaluating the politics, motivations including personal and religious , scientific and technical abilities of the groups expressing an interest in resorting to such catastrophic warfare.
Todd M. Written by a branch chief at the U. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, this is a highly authoritative account of the likelihood that Islamist terrorist groups might resort to nuclear warfare in pursuit of their political objectives. Russell D. Howard and James J. A substantially revised and updated collection of original and previously published articles by scientists, academics, and government officials from the communities of counter-WMD proliferation and counterterrorism.