Migraines can be disabling, and teens with migraines often need to skip school, sports, work, or other activities until they feel better. If you have migraines, you're not alone. And after age 12, during and after puberty, migraines affect girls twice as often as guys. Experts believe that the likelihood of getting migraines runs in the family.
If one of your parents gets migraines, you have a greater chance of having them than someone who doesn't have that family history.
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The exact cause of migraines isn't known. Scientists think that they happen because some neurons nerves in the brain stop working properly and send the wrong signals. This may affect the nerve system that regulates pain. Whatever the cause, experts do agree that different things trigger set off migraines in people who have them. Every migraine begins differently. Sometimes people get a warning that a migraine is on its way. A few hours or even days before the actual headache, people might feel funny or "not right.
They might crave different foods, or feel thirsty, irritable, tired, or even full of energy. This is called a "premonition.
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Some people get auras. These are neurological symptoms that start just before the headache and last up to an hour. An aura is different in every person, but it often affects vision. Drug class: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. For professionals: Prescribing Information. Drug class: skeletal muscle relaxants. Drug class: GI stimulants , miscellaneous antiemetics.
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However there may be historical, cultural or anecdotal evidence linking their use to the treatment of Migraine. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
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Subscribe to Drugs. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - verify here. Skip to Content. All drug classes - Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs 2 - analgesic combinations 15 - miscellaneous central nervous system agents 1 - GI stimulants 2 - antihistamines 1 - skeletal muscle relaxants 9 - antimigraine agents 30 - miscellaneous antiemetics 2 - serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors 1 - gamma-aminobutyric acid analogs 1 - uterotonic agents 2.
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Off Label. Only Generics. Pregnancy Category A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters. B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
Migraine - causes, symptoms, treatment - Southern Cross NZ
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks. D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
The pain is often described as throbbing or pulsing and usually begins on one side of the head. Migraine headaches are worsened by physical activity, light, sound, or physical movement.
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The pain typically last from 4 hours up to 3 days. The person experiencing a migraine headache may be sensitive to light, sound and even smell. The National Headache Foundation estimates that nearly 12 percent of the population experience migraine headaches.
This means that nearly 40 million people in the United States have migraines. Women are about three times more likely than men to experience migraines. Yes, migraines have a tendency to run in families. As many as four out of five people with migraine have a family history of migraines. If one parent has a history of migraines, the child has a 50 percent chance of developing migraines, and if both parents have a history of migraines, the risk jumps to 75 percent.
Migraine headache pain results from signals interacting among the brain, blood vessels, and surrounding nerves. During a headache, specific nerves of the blood vessels are activated and send pain signals to the brain. A migraine begins when overactive nerve cells send out impulses to the blood vessels. This causes the release of prostaglandins, serotonin, and other substances that cause swelling of the blood vessels in the vicinity of the nerve endings, resulting in pain.